Chick History 2018 Annual Report


THANK YOU to our donors who contributed to Chick History in 2018! Your support and belief in the work of Chick History makes all the difference, and we can’t do this without you. Thanks to the generosity of the following donors:

Organization Donors
Humanities Tennessee
Carpe Diem Copyright Management
Pam Lewis Foundation
Silly Sitterz Baby Sitting

Individual Donors
Stacy Alcala
Jennifer Alexander
Julia Baker
Sanjana Ballal
Leslie Boone
Dina Bozsoki
Ashley Brown Howell
Heather Cass
Alice Chapman
Miranda Christy
Twyla Lambert Clark
Lindsay Crockett
Lee Curtis
Karen Dahlinger
Jodi Davis
Melissa Davis
Amy Fair
Kacky Fell
Brenda Gadd
Debby Gould
Bruce Hafford
Tara Hamilton
Kelly Hamlin
Sharon Harris
Elke Hoffman
Mary Hoffschwelle
Earnestine Jenkins
Lizzie Keiper
Audra Ladd
Jennifer Lanier
Shannon Lashlee
Leigh Lindsey
Kelly Magill
Tony Marks
Lianne Mash
Rebecca McClain
Patricia Mitchell
Ashley Mushamba
Kevin Pellatiro
Rebecca Price
Pamela Price
Jennifer Quasdorf
Courtenay Rogers
Jennifer Rudolph
Barbara Scales
Claudia Schenck
Eboni Stephens
Knight Stivender
Christine Taylor
Anna Teeples
Katy Varney
Jennifer Way
Sheryl Wiers
Michelle Willard

2018 Year in Review

Rare Studio Portrait By Memphis’ First Black Professional Photographer Identified At Chick History Digitization Event
Chick history’s statewide effort to document African American women’s political history moves to middle Tennessee. First digitization event at national civil rights museum yielded dozens of items including rare studio portrait by Memphis’ first black professional photographer. Read more >>.

Report From Chick History Digitization Event In Nashville – Collection Reaches 100

On May 18-20, 2018, at the Nashville Public Library – Downtown, Chick History held its second Digitization Event as part of the Protecting the Legacy project. Thanks to the generosity of our participants and their commitment to sharing and preserving local history, we were able to digitize 33 items and conduct 6 oral histories. This brings the total number of collected histories to date to 100. Read More >>.

Help Build The Tennessee Women’s History Calendar!

It’s time to start building the Women’s History Calendar! In 2016, we launched March to the 19th, a grassroots campaign for women’s history in Tennessee, in partnership with Humanities Tennessee. Over the past two years, we’ve traveled across the state building a network and collecting stories in Phase I and II. And now, it’s time to start work on Phase III: Sharing the Women’s History All Around Us. Read More >>.

Report From Chick History Digitization Event In Knoxville – Collection Passes 150 Items

On November 16-17, 2018, at the Beck Cultural Exchange Center, Chick History held its final Digitization Event as part of the Protecting the Legacy project. Thanks to the generosity of our participants and their commitment to sharing and preserving local history, we were able to digitize 53 items.  This brings the total number of collected histories to date to over 150. Read More >>.

On the Road

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In the News

She spent her life archiving African-Americans’ story. Now a rare photo is telling hers. The Tennessean. May 10, 2018.

Chick History’s ‘Protecting the Legacy’ project aims to uncover stories of African-American women in Tennessee. WBIR Channel 10 Knoxville News. September 15, 2018.

Chick History explores missing pieces of history. The Daily Beacon, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. October 18, 2018.

Chick History uncovers lost stories of African American women in Tennessee. WBIR Channel 10 Knoxville News. November 16, 2018.

Who Was That Naked Female Gladiator Anyway?

5d9f6-female-gladiator-statueAbout two weeks ago, the University of Granada released new research on a statue in the Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe in Hamburg, Germany, identifying it as a female gladiator. If this is true, it would be the second known statue of a female gladiator in existence. Despite missing a hand and part of a leg she is pretty intact, which is a lot to say for antiquity sculpture.

There was various reprinting of the original article, all reporting the rarity of the statue and making the case for the existence of female gladiators during Ancient times using a multitude of literary and physical sources. So we all agree now that there were female gladiators. But it got me to wondering, just who was that naked female gladiator in real life?

The bronze statue dates to nearly 2,000 years ago, which aligns nicely to when most of the Roman written record mentions female fighters in the Gladiator games. Nero once held a game in honor of his mother in which “men and women not only of the equestrian but even of the senatorial order appeared as performers in the orchestra, in the Circus, and in the hunting-theatre, like those who are held in lowest esteem.”[1]

Was our little warrior perhaps a member of the upper echelon, who sought thrill and adventure, and began competing as a gladiator? If so, she would have fallen out of grace with her fancy friends because even though gladiators could become celebrities, they were of a very low class.

Emperor Domitian was known to hold elaborate games and gladiator spectacles and even staged battles at night with woman. One time, he even pitted women and dwarves together for a novel thrill.[2]

As gladiator games evolved to keep up with the times, sponsors who hosted them had to look for ever increasing ways to shock the audiences and keep them entertained. Mock seat battles. Giant hunts with live animals. And yes, women fighters.

Could our little warrior have been one of these? A professionally trained, volunteer gladiator who lived in the gladiator school, fought 3-4 times a year (like a modern day boxer), kept her prize money, and became a celebrity fighter?

a387f-ps337507_mThis statue from the British Museum is the first known depiction of female gladiators in existence. While difficult to make out, the two figures have braided hair and breasts. The confirmation of their sex is the inscription bearing their names: Amazon and Achilia.

Achilia is the female version of Achilles, the famed Greek hero of the Trojan War. Most likely these were stage names and what we are seeing here is one of the battle plays that female gladiators could play out. An Amazon woman battling a Greek heroine. Battles were staged and billed, with the main event always occurring last.

Or did our little warrior have a more destitute fate? By the late Republic, at least half of the gladiator population was volunteers. The other half were the slaves, criminals, and prisoners of war that originally made up the fighter pool when the Romans began hosting gladiator games in the 1st century BCE. Was this the case here? Was she a poor Roman girl who broke some law and was turned over to the Gladiator Entertainment Machine?

Was she a prisoner of war from some occupied Roman territory, who was unable to commit suicide like Boudica and traded in? Could she have been a foreign princess like our Cleopatra Selene? The only daughter of Cleopatra, Selene was captured by Augustus and dragged through the streets of Rome in chains. She was able to maneuver her way through his household and become a Queen in her own right, avoiding the fate of the Gladiators. But is it possible this was the fate of our little champion? Was she a foreign princess brought to Rome and forced into this life?

We will probably never know exactly who she was and what events in her life led her to the Gladiator ring. But what is evident by her pose is that whatever battle this was, she was victorious.


[1] and [2] Both of these accounts are taken from the Roman record, and sourced from the article “Female Gladiators of the Ancient Roman World,” by Steven Murray in the Journal of Combative Sport, July 2003.